عنوان مقاله [English]
The awareness and purposeful process of combining the various theories, concepts, and different institutions involved in the criminal justice system is known as integrating criminology. This approach is going to provide more realistic and credible analytical by presenting multidimensional approaches, so that the resulting boredom of differences of ideas becomes the ideal of convergence. Although this approach was able to become a common criminological paradigm in a short period of time but it was strongly opposed by significant critics for its widespread use. The present article tries to suggest appropriate solutions by presenting the challenges noted in the range of theoretical in terms of content (refusal Integrative micro and macro, factor and structure, and the mutual assumptions of theories) and application (operational challenge, validation and effectiveness). The findings of the paper suggest that the challenge of conflict in many cases stems from a lack of attention to the attachment of the relationship between the elements of factor and structure, micro and macro, and the various dimensions of human nature resulting from the dominance of the modern dualistic approach. The operational challenge can also be solved by accurately recognizing the relationship between propositions or solved concepts, and designing an executive model that fits the theory, just as the challenge of testability can be overcome through structural equations and comparisons and finally, by developing an integrated approach to various crimes, using assessment methods, paying attention to the temporal and spatial conditions of constructing the theory, and applying it accurately and impartially, we can overcome the challenge of the effectiveness of integrative criminology.