عنوان مقاله [English]
Todays, in penal code with attention to the relationship of countries and (transnational) international relations and the absence of boarders, the organized crimes have a specific position. The importance of these crimes is because of their serious pathologies to the security, public orders of countries and people’s living and safety. Therefore, the prevention of these crimes has attracted the attention of criminologists. The identity documents for presenting the physical features and validity of persons are appropriate tools for the prevention of organized crimes. Besides increasing the risk, these documents make offenders difficult commit crimes. Increasing factors of safety in identity documents causes offenders to be hopeless and powerless in creating factitious identity. After the definition of identity documents, presenting the concept and specifications of organized crimes and determining the concept of crime prevention, this paper studies and analyzes the role of identity documents in the proactive prevention and then the role of these documents in the reactive prevention in organized crimes.